ताज़ा समाचार (Fresh News)

Home » , , » What is a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) ?

What is a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) ?


Mandated to inquire into a specific subject, a JPC is constituted either through a motion adopted by one House and concurred by the other, or, through communication between the presiding officers of the two Houses. The members are either elected by the Houses or nominated by the presiding officers. As in the case of other parliamentary committees, they are drawn from different groups. The strength of a JPC may vary. For instance, one JPC comprised 15 members, while two others had 30 members each. The Lok Sabha share is double than that of the Rajya Sabha.

What happens if the term of a Lok Sabha expires before a JPC completes its work?

When a committee is unable to complete its work before the expiry of its term or before the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, it reports that fact to the House. In such cases, any preliminary report, memorandum or note that may have been prepared by the committee is made available to the succeeding committee.


What are the powers of a JPC?

A JPC can obtain evidence of experts, public bodies, associations, individuals or interested parties suo motu or on requests made by them. If a witness fails to appear before a JPC in response to summons, his conduct constitutes a contempt of the House.

The JPC can take oral and written evidence or call for documents in connection with a matter under its consideration. The proceedings of parliamentary committees are confidential, but in the case of the joint committee which went into "Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions", the committee decided that considering the widespread public interest in the matter, the chairman should brief the press about deliberations of the committees.

Ministers are not generally called by the committees to give evidence. However, in case of the Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions probe again, an exception was made, with the JPC, with the permission of the Speaker, seeking information on certain points from ministers and calling Ministers of Finance and Health and Family Welfare.

The government may withhold or decline to produce a document if it is considered prejudicial to the safety or interest of State. The Speaker has the final word on any dispute over calling for evidence against a person or production of a document.

How many JPCs have been there till date? What have been their findings? Has anyone been convicted by them?

There have been only four investigative JPCs so far.

The first was instituted to inquire into the Bofors contract on a motion moved by then defence minister K C Pant in the Lok Sabha on August 6, 1987. The Rajya Sabha endorsed it a week later. The committee, headed by B Shankaranand, held 50 sittings and gave its report on April 26, 1988. Opposition parties boycotted the committee on the ground that it was packed with Congress members. The JPC report was tabled in Parliament, but it was rejected by the Opposition.

The second investigative JPC, headed by former Union minister and senior Congress leader Ram Niwas Mirdha, was set up to probe Irregularities in Securities and Banking Transactions in the aftermath of the Harshad Mehta scandal. The motion was moved by then minister for parliamentary affairs Ghulam Nabi Azad in the Lok Sabha on August 6, 1992. The Rajya Sabha concurred with it the next day. The recommendations of the JPC were neither accepted in full nor implemented.

The third investigative JPC was assigned to probe the market scam. Then parliamentary affairs minister Pramod Mahajan piloted a motion in the Lok Sabha on April 26, 2001, to put it in place. Senior BJP member Lt Gen Prakash Mani Tripathi (retd) was named the chairman. The committee held 105 sittings and gave its report on December 19, 2002. The committee recommended sweeping changes in stock market regulations. However, many of these recommendations were diluted later.

The last JPC was set up in August 2003 to look into pesticide residues in soft drinks, fruit juice and other beverages and to set safety standards. The committee, headed by NCP chief Sharad Pawar, held 17 sittings and submitted its report to Parliament on February 4, 2004. The report confirmed that soft drinks did have pesticide residues and recommended stringent norms for drinking water.

Why does the Opposition want a JPC?

The Public Accounts Committee of Parliament is supposed to conduct a detailed examination of the reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General (CAG), scrutinising the yearly accounts of the Government. Having 15 members of the Lok Sabha and seven members of the Rajya Sabha, the chairmanship of the PAC conventionally goes to a nominee of the main opposition party. The PAC calls upon ministries to explain cases of financial irregularities. The Opposition argument is that the 2G spectrum scam goes far beyond accounting. A JPC can spread its net wider and go into the larger gamut of allocation and look into the role of various players. More, once a JPC gets going, it would help the Opposition keep the heat on the government through consistent reporting of proceedings. The moot point is that PAC chairman Murli Manohar Joshi is already waiting in the wings to go into the CAG report. In case the government accepts the demand for a JPC, in effect, it may mean both a JPC and PAC.

Source: The Indian Express

0 comments :

Post a Comment

Join our WhatsApp Group

Join our WhatsApp Group
Join our WhatsApp Group

फेसबुक समूह:

फेसबुक पेज:

शीर्षक

भाजपा कांग्रेस मुस्लिम नरेन्द्र मोदी हिन्दू कश्मीर अन्तराष्ट्रीय खबरें पाकिस्तान मंदिर सोनिया गाँधी राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ राहुल गाँधी मोदी सरकार अयोध्या विश्व हिन्दू परिषद् लखनऊ उत्तर प्रदेश मुंबई गुजरात जम्मू दिग्विजय सिंह मध्यप्रदेश श्रीनगर स्वामी रामदेव मनमोहन सिंह अन्ना हजारे लेख बिहार विधानसभा चुनाव बिहार लालकृष्ण आडवाणी स्पेक्ट्रम घोटाला मस्जिद अहमदाबाद अमेरिका नितिन गडकरी पटना भोपाल सुप्रीम कोर्ट चुनाव कर्नाटक सपा आतंकवाद सीबीआई आतंकवादी पी चिदंबरम ईसाई बांग्लादेश हिमाचल प्रदेश उमा भारती बेंगलुरु अरुंधती राय केरल जयपुर उमर अब्दुल्ला पंजाब महाराष्ट्र हिन्दुराष्ट्र इस्लामाबाद डा़ प्रवीण भाई तोगड़िया मोहन भागवत राष्ट्रमंडल खेल वाशिंगटन शिवसेना सैयद अली शाह गिलानी अरुण जेटली इंदौर गंगा धर्म परिवर्तन हिंदू गोधरा कांड बलात्कार भाजपायूमो मंहगाई यूपीए सुब्रमण्यम स्वामी चीन बी. एस. येदियुरप्पा भ्रष्टाचार साध्वी प्रज्ञा हैदराबाद कश्मीरी पंडित काला धन गौ-हत्या चेन्नई दवा उद्योग नीतीश कुमार शिवराज सिंह चौहान शीला दीक्षित सुषमा स्वराज हरियाणा हिंदुत्व अशोक सिंघल इलाहाबाद कोलकाता चंडीगढ़ जन लोकपाल विधेयक तमिलनाडु नई दिल्ली नागपुर मुजफ्फरनगर मुलायम सिंह रविशंकर प्रसाद स्वामी अग्निवेश अखिल भारतीय हिन्दू महासभा आजम खां उत्तराखंड फिल्म जगत ममता बनर्जी मायावती लालू यादव अजमेर प्रणव मुखर्जी बंगाल विकीलीक्स आशाराम बापू ओसामा बिन लादेन नक्सली मालेगांव विस्फोट अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी अरविंद केजरीवाल एबीवीपी कपिल सिब्बल क्रिकेट तरुण विजय तृणमूल कांग्रेस बजरंग दल बाल ठाकरे राजिस्थान वरुण गांधी वीडियो हरिद्वार गोवा बसपा मनीष तिवारी शिमला सिख विरोधी दंगे सिमी सोहराबुद्दीन केस असम इसराइल एनडीए कल्याण सिंह पेट्रोल प्रेम कुमार धूमल सैयद अहमद बुखारी अनुच्छेद 370 जदयू भारत स्वाभिमान मंच हिंदू जनजागृति समिति आम आदमी पार्टी विडियो-Video हिंदू युवा वाहिनी कोयला घोटाला मुस्लिम लीग छत्तीसगढ़ हिंदू जागरण मंच सीवान

लोकप्रिय ख़बरें

ख़बरें और भी ...

राष्ट्रवादी समाचार. Powered by Blogger.

नियमित पाठक

Google+ Followers